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Acetylation and Deacetylation of RelA in The Nucleus


Actions of Nitric Oxide in the Heart


Activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase, PKA


Activation of Csk by cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase Inhibits Signaling through the T Cell Receptor


Activation of PKC through G protein coupled receptor


Activation of Src by Protein-tyrosine phosphatase alpha


Acute Myocardial Infarction


Adhesion and Diapedesis of Granulocytes


Adhesion and Diapedesis of Lymphocytes


Adhesion Molecules on Lymphocyte


ADP-Ribosylation Factor


Agrin in Postsynaptic Differentiation


Ahr Signal Transduction Pathway


AKAP95 role in mitosis and chromosome dynamics


AKT Signaling Pathway


ALK in cardiac myocytes


Alpha-synuclein and Parkin-mediated proteolysis in Parkinson's disease


Alternative Complement Pathway


Angiotensin II mediated activation of JNK Pathway via Pyk2 dependent signaling


Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 regulates heart function


Anthrax Toxin Mechanism of Action


Antigen Dependent B Cell Activation


Antigen Processing and Presentation


Antisense Pathway


Apoptotic DNA fragmentation and tissue homeostasis


Apoptotic Signaling in Response to DNA Damage


Aspirin Blocks Signaling Pathway Involved in Platelet Activation


ATM Signaling Pathway


Attenuation of GPCR Signaling


B Cell Receptor Complex


B Cell Survival Pathway


B Lymphocyte Cell Surface Molecules


Basic mechanism of action of PPARa, PPARb(d) and PPARg and effects on gene expression


Basic Mechanisms of SUMOylation


BCR Signaling Pathway


Beta-Oxidation of Fatty Acids


Bioactive Peptide Induced Signaling Pathway


Biosynthesis of Arginine in Bacteria


Biosynthesis of Cysteine from serine in bacteria and plants


Biosynthesis of Cysteine in mammals


Biosynthesis of Glycine and Serine


Biosynthesis of isoleucine


Biosynthesis of leucine


Biosynthesis of Lysine


Biosynthesis of neurotransmitters


Biosynthesis of phenylalanine and tyrosine in bacteria and plants


Biosynthesis of Proline in Bacteria


Biosynthesis of spermidine and spermine


Biosynthesis of threonine and methionine


Biosynthesis of valine


Blockade of Neurotransmitter Relase by Botulinum Toxin


Bone Remodelling


BRCA1-dependent Ub-ligase activity


BTG family proteins and cell cycle regulation


Bystander B Cell Activation


Ca++/ Calmodulin-dependent Protein Kinase Activation


Cadmium induces DNA synthesis and proliferation in macrophages


Calcium Signaling by HBx of Hepatitis B virus


Cardiac Protection Against ROS


CARM1 and Regulation of the Estrogen Receptor


Caspase Cascade in Apoptosis


Catabolic pathway for asparagine and asparate


Catabolic pathways for alanine, glycine, serine, cysteine, tryptophan, and threonine


Catabolic Pathways for Arginine , Histidine, Glutamate, Glutamine, and Proline


Catabolic Pathways for Methionine, Isoleucine, Threonine and Valine


CBL mediated ligand-induced downregulation of EGF receptors


CCR3 signaling in Eosinophils


CD40L Signaling Pathway


cdc25 and chk1 Regulatory Pathway in response to DNA damage


CDK Regulation of DNA Replication


Cell Cycle: G1/S Check Point


Cell Cycle: G2/M Checkpoint


Cell to Cell Adhesion Signaling


Cells and Molecules involved in local acute inflammatory response


Ceramide Signaling Pathway


Chaperones modulate interferon Signaling Pathway


Chromatin Remodeling by hSWI/SNF ATP-dependent Complexes


Circadian Rhythms


Classical Complement Pathway


Complement Pathway


Control of Gene Expression by Vitamin D Receptor


Control of skeletal myogenesis by HDAC & calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase (CaMK)


Corticosteroids and cardioprotection


CTCF: First Multivalent Nuclear Factor


CTL mediated immune response against target cells


CXCR4 Signaling Pathway


Cyclin E Destruction Pathway


Cycling of Ran in nucleocytoplasmic transport


Cyclins and Cell Cycle Regulation


Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator And Beta 2 Adrenergic Receptor Pathway


Cytokine Network


Cytokines and Inflammatory Response


D4-GDI Signaling Pathway


Degradation of the RAR and RXR by the proteasome


Dendritic cells in regulating TH1 and TH2 Development


Deregulation of CDK5 in Alzheimers Disease


Dicer Pathway


Double Stranded RNA Induced Gene Expression


Downregulated of MTA-3 in ER-negative Breast Tumors


E2F1 Destruction Pathway


Effects of calcineurin in Keratinocyte Differentiation


EGF Signaling Pathway


Eicosanoid Metabolism


Electron Transport Reaction in Mitochondria


Endocytotic role of NDK, Phosphins and Dynamin


Eph Kinases and ephrins support platelet aggregation


EPO Signaling Pathway


ERľassociated degradation (ERAD) Pathway


Erk and PI-3 Kinase Are Necessary for Collagen Binding in Corneal Epithelia


Erk1/Erk2 Mapk Signaling pathway


Erythrocyte Differentiation Pathway


Erythropoietin mediated neuroprotection through NF-kB


Estrogen-responsive protein Efp controls cell cycle and breast tumors growth


Eukaryotic protein translation


Extrinsic Prothrombin Activation Pathway


FAS signaling pathway ( CD95 )


Fc Epsilon Receptor I Signaling in Mast Cells


Feeder Pathways for Glycolysis


Fibrinolysis Pathway


fMLP induced chemokine gene expression in HMC-1 cells


Formation of Ketone Bodies from acetyl-CoA


FOSB gene expression and drug abuse


Free Radical Induced Apoptosis


Function of SLRP in Bone: An Integrated View


FXR and LXR Regulation of Cholesterol Metabolism


Gamma-aminobutyric Acid Receptor Life Cycle


GATA3 participate in activating the Th2 cytokine genes expression


Generation of amyloid b-peptide by PS1


Ghrelin: Regulation of Food Intake and Energy Homeostasis


Glycolysis Pathway


G-Protein Signaling Through Tubby Proteins


Granzyme A mediated Apoptosis Pathway


Growth Hormone Signaling Pathway


g-Secretase mediated ErbB4 Signaling Pathway


Hemoglobin's Chaperone


HIV Induced T Cell Apoptosis


HIV-1 defeats host-mediated resistance by CEM15


HIV-I Nef: negative effector of Fas and TNF


Hop Pathway in Cardiac Development


How does salmonella hijack a cell


How Progesterone Initiates Oocyte Membrane


Human Cytomegalovirus and Map Kinase Pathways


Hypoxia and p53 in the Cardiovascular system


Hypoxia-Inducible Factor in the Cardiovascular System


IFN alpha signaling pathway


IFN gamma signaling pathway


IGF-1 Signaling Pathway


IL 17 Signaling Pathway


IL 18 Signaling Pathway


IL 2 signaling pathway


IL 3 signaling pathway


IL 4 signaling pathway


IL 5 Signaling Pathway


IL 6 signaling pathway


IL-10 Anti-inflammatory Signaling Pathway


IL12 and Stat4 Dependent Signaling Pathway in Th1 Development


IL-2 Receptor Beta Chain in T cell Activation


IL22 Soluble Receptor Signaling Pathway


IL-7 Signal Transduction


Inactivation of Gsk3 by AKT causes accumulation of b-catenin in Alveolar Macrophages


Induction of apoptosis through DR3 and DR4/5 Death Receptors


Influence of Ras and Rho proteins on G1 to S Transition


Inhibition of Cellular Proliferation by Gleevec


Inhibition of Huntington's disease neurodegeneration by histone deacetylase inhibitors


Inhibition of Matrix Metalloproteinases


Insulin Signaling Pathway


Integrin Signaling Pathway


Internal Ribosome Entry Pathway


Intrinsic Prothrombin Activation Pathway


Ion Channel and Phorbal Esters Signaling Pathway


Ion Channels and Their Functional Role in Vascular Endothelium


Keratinocyte Differentiation


Lactose Synthesis


Lck and Fyn tyrosine kinases in initiation of TCR Activation


Lectin Induced Complement Pathway


Leloir pathway of galactose metabolism


Links between Pyk2 and Map Kinases


Lissencephaly gene (LIS1) in neuronal migration and development


Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) pathway during atherogenesis


Malate-aspartate shuttle


Map Kinase Inactivation of SMRT Corepressor


MAPKinase Signaling Pathway


mCalpain and friends in Cell motility


Mechanism of Acetaminophen Activity and Toxicity


Mechanism of Gene Regulation by Peroxisome Proliferators via PPARa(alpha)


Mechanisms of transcriptional repression by DNA methylation


Melanocyte Development and Pigmentation Pathway


Metabolism of Anandamide, an Endogenous Cannabinoid


METS affect on Macrophage Differentiation


Mitochondrial Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase (CPT) System


Monocyte and its Surface Molecules


Msp/Ron Receptor Signaling Pathway


mTOR Signaling Pathway


Multi-Drug Resistance Factors


Multiple antiapoptotic pathways from IGF-1R signaling lead to BAD phosphorylation


Multi-step Regulation of Transcription by Pitx2


Nerve growth factor pathway (NGF)


Neuropeptides VIP and PACAP inhibit the apoptosis of activated T cells


Neuroregulin receptor degredation protein-1 Controls ErbB3 receptor recycling


Neutrophil and Its Surface Molecules


NFAT and Hypertrophy of the heart (Transcription in the broken heart)


NFkB activation by Nontypeable Hemophilus influenzae


NF-kB Signaling Pathway


Nitric Oxide Signaling Pathway


Nitrogen-depedent regulation of Rtg1 and Rtg3 in TOR pathway


NO2-dependent IL 12 Pathway in NK cells


Nuclear receptors coordinate the activities of chromatin remodeling complexes and coactivators to facilitate initiation of transcription in carcinoma cells


Nuclear Receptors in Lipid Metabolism and Toxicity


Omega Oxidation


Opposing roles of AIF in Apoptosis and Cell Survival


Overview of telomerase protein component gene hTert Transcriptional Regulation


Overview of telomerase RNA component gene hTerc Transcriptional Regulation


OX40 Signaling Pathway


Oxidation of odd-numbered chain fatty acid, from Propionyl-CoA to Succinyl-CoA


Oxidative reactions of the pentose phosphate pathway


Oxidative Stress Induced Gene Expression Via Nrf2


p38 MAPK Signaling Pathway


p53 Signaling Pathway


PDGF Signaling Pathway


Pelp1 Modulation of Estrogen Receptor Activity


Pertussis toxin-insensitive CCR5 Signaling in Macrophage


Phosphatidylcholine Biosynthesis Pathway


Phosphoinositides and their downstream targets.


Phospholipase C d1 in phospholipid associated cell signaling


Phospholipase C Signaling Pathway


Phospholipase C-epsilon pathway


Phospholipid Biosynthesis in E. Coli Pathway


Phospholipids as signalling intermediaries


Phosphorylation of MEK1 by cdk5/p35 down regulates the MAP kinase pathway


PKC-catalyzed phosphorylation of inhibitory phosphoprotein of myosin phosphatase


Platelet Amyloid Precursor Protein Pathway


Presenilin action in Notch and Wnt signaling


Prion Pathway


Proepithelin Conversion to Epithelin and Wound Repair Control


Proteasome Complex


Protein Kinase A at the Centrosome


Proteolysis and Signaling Pathway of Notch


PTEN dependent cell cycle arrest and apoptosis


Rab GTPases Mark Targets In The Endocytotic Machinery


Rac 1 cell motility signaling pathway


Ras Signaling Pathway


Ras-Independent pathway in NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity


RB Tumor Suppressor/Checkpoint Signaling in response to DNA damage


Reelin Signaling Pathway


Regulation And Function Of ChREBP in Liver


Regulation of BAD phosphorylation


Regulation of cell cycle progression by Plk3


Regulation of ck1/cdk5 by type 1 glutamate receptors


Regulation of eIF2


Regulation of eIF4e and p70 S6 Kinase


Regulation of hematopoiesis by cytokines


Regulation of MAP Kinase Pathways Through Dual Specificity Phosphatases


Regulation of p27 Phosphorylation during Cell Cycle Progression


Regulation of PGC-1a


Regulation of Spermatogenesis by CREM


Regulation of Splicing through Sam68


Regulation of transcriptional activity by PML


Regulators of Bone Mineralization


Repression of Pain Sensation by the Transcriptional Regulator DREAM


Reversal of Insulin Resistance by Leptin


Rho cell motility signaling pathway


Rho-Selective Guanine Exchange Factor AKAP13 Mediates Stress Fiber Formation


RNA polymerase III transcription


Role of BRCA1, BRCA2 and ATR in Cancer Susceptibility


Role of EGF Receptor Transactivation by GPCRs in Cardiac Hypertrophy


Role of ERBB2 in Signal Transduction and Oncology


Role of Erk5 in Neuronal Survival


Role of MAL in Rho-Mediated Activation of SRF


Role of MEF2D in T-cell Apoptosis


Role of Mitochondria in Apoptotic Signaling


Role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the regulation of apoptosis


Role of Parkin in the Ubiquitin-Proteasomal Pathway


Role of PI3K subunit p85 in regulation of Actin Organization and Cell Migration


Role of PPAR-gamma Coactivators in Obesity and Thermogenesis


Role of Ran in mitotic spindle regulation


Role of ▀-arrestins in the activation and targeting of MAP kinases


Role of Tob in T-cell activation


Roles of ▀-arrestin-dependent Recruitment of Src Kinases in GPCR Signaling


Segmentation Clock


Selective expression of chemokine receptors during T-cell polarization


Shuttle for transfer of acetyl groups from mitochondria to the cytosol


Signal Dependent Regulation of Myogenesis by Corepressor MITR


Signal transduction through IL1R


Signaling of Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor


Signaling Pathway from G-Protein Families


Skeletal muscle hypertrophy is regulated via AKT/mTOR pathway


Small Leucine-rich Proteoglycan (SLRP) molecules


Snf1 in Yeast Glucose Repression/Derepression


SODD/TNFR1 Signaling Pathway


Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) Pathway


Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) Receptor Ptc1 Regulates cell cycle


Sprouty regulation of tyrosine kinase signals


SREBP control of lipid synthesis


▀-arrestins in GPCR Desensitization


Stat3 Signaling Pathway


Stathmin and breast cancer resistance to antimicrotubule agents


Stress Induction of HSP Regulation


SUMOylation as a mechanism to modulate CtBP-dependent gene responses


Sumoylation by RanBP2 Regulates Transcriptional Repression


Synaptic Proteins at the Synaptic Junction


T Cell Receptor and CD3 Complex


T Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway


T Cytotoxic Cell Surface Molecules


T Helper Cell Surface Molecules


TACI and BCMA stimulation of B cell immune responses.


Telomeres, Telomerase, Cellular Aging, and Immortality


TGF beta signaling pathway


Th1/Th2 Differentiation


The 4-1BB-dependent immune response


The Citric Acid Cycle


The Co-Stimulatory Signal During T-cell Activation


The IGF-1 Receptor and Longevity


The information-processing pathway at the IFN-beta enhancer


The PRC2 Complex Sets Long ľterm Gene Silencing Through Modification of Histone Tails


The reactions that feed amino groups into the urea cycle


The Role of Eosinophils in the Chemokine Network of Allergy


The role of FYVE-finger proteins in vesicle transport


The salvage pathway from serine to phosphatidylcholine


The SARS-coronavirus Life Cycle


Thrombin signaling and protease-activated receptors


TNF/Stress Related Signaling


TNFR1 Signaling Pathway


TNFR2 Signaling Pathway


Toll-Like Receptor Pathway


TPO Signaling Pathway


Transcription factor CREB and its extracellular signals


Transcription Regulation by Methyltransferase of CARM1


Transcriptional activation of dbpb from mRNA


Trefoil Factors Initiate Mucosal Healing


Trka Receptor Signaling Pathway


TSP-1 Induced Apoptosis in Microvascular Endothelial Cell


Tumor Suppressor Arf Inhibits Ribosomal Biogenesis


uCalpain and friends in Cell spread


VEGF, Hypoxia, and Angiogenesis


Visceral Fat Deposits and the Metabolic Syndrome


Vitamin C in the Brain


West Nile Virus


WNT Signaling Pathway


Wnt/LRP6 Signalling


Y branching of actin filaments
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